Energy drinks are widely promoted as a product that helps increase energy, enhances mental alertness, and physical performance. It is a type of drink which contain sugar and stimulant compound, which is usually caffeine. They might or might not be carbonated and may also contain other ingredients such as sweeteners, herbal extract, and amino acid.
Energy drinks are different from soft drinks as they do not contain caffeine or a relatively small amount of caffeine. It is also different from the sports drink which is used to replace water and electrolytes after physical activity.
Energy drinks were initially introduced in Japan during the 1960s and then became increasingly popular in Europe during the 1980s and 1990s. In Europe, an Austrian entrepreneur introduced the product called red bull which was a worldwide bestseller in the 21st century. Red bull became a popular and dominant brand in the U.S. after 1997.
Since 2002 the trend of packing energy drinks in bigger cans started growing. In 2007 energy powders and energy tablets were introduced where either can be added to water to make an energy drink. Now they are very big business in the EU it is calculated that 30% of adults and 68% of youth consume energy drinks with global sales calculated around $14.68 billion as per 2018.
What Is In Your Energy drink?
It is a primary ingredient of the energy drink. A cup of tea contains about 50mg of caffeine; coffee contains 80mg to 120 mg of caffeine, whereas energy drink has a significantly higher amount from 154mg up to 505 mg.
It is also known as Brazilian cocoa; it is a plant from South America which contains a caffeine compound called Guarana. One gram of Guarana contains 40 mg of caffeine; when a drink says it contains ‘Caffeine+’ it has more quantity of caffeine or Guarana.
An energy drink contains 21g to 34g per Oz sugar which comes in the form of sucrose, glucose or high fructose.
It is an amino acid, and the amount of taurine present in an energy drink is higher than that in a normal diet. Yet, there is no evidence that it is unhealthy, but consuming edibles in excessive amount is not be beneficial for the human body.
A very less amount of ginseng is present in an energy drink. There is a claim that ginseng boosts athletic performance, but it is also closely linked to causing headache, hypertension and increase in insomnia
• B vitamins and other additives
Vitamin B can improve mood even fight heart disease, but the quantity of vitamin b in energy drink does not have any meaningful effect.
How Does It Affect Your Body in 24 hours?
The amount of caffeine in a can of energy drink range from 80mg to over 500mg as soon as the caffeine enters into the bloodstream within 10minutes of consuming energy drink it accelerates the heart rate and blood pressure. All the caffeine absorbed in 30-40 minutes of consuming an energy drink; the liver ends up soaking more sugar into the bloodstream. It takes around 5-6 hours for the body to realize a 50% reduction from caffeine.
Caffeine withdrawal may occur after 12-24 hours which includes symptoms such as headache, irritability, and constipation. Still, 73% of children consume caffeine on a daily basis.
Side effects of energy drinks
1. Headaches – a continuous pain in your head
2. Respiratory distress – Deprives your organ of oxygen they need to function
3. Insomnia – Inability to sleep
4. Paraesthesia – an abnormal sensation especially tingling or pricking
5. Dizziness/ syncope – the sensation of spinning
6. Chest pain
7. Gastrointestinal upset – indigestion or constipation
8. Agitation/restlessness – increase in tension and irritably
9. Tremor/shaking – involuntary quivering moments
10. Tachycardia/palpitations – an abnormal increase in heart rate
11. Obesity – increase in an excessive amount of body fat
12. Type 2 diabetes – high consumption of caffeine reduces insulin sensitivity
13. Late miscarriage, low birth weight and stillbirth in pregnant women
14. Poor dental health
Tips to sip healthier energy drinks
• Check the amount of caffeine present in the energy drink
• Pay attention to the sugar content present in the energy drink
• Look for natural energy boosters
Energy drink may enhance your alertness and improve your reaction time but at the cost of several side effects. Scientific evidences show that energy drink can have severe adverse health effects particularly in children and teenagers. For a temporary energy booster, it is not worth to risk your health.
1. what is energy drink?
It is a drink which contain sugar, caffeine and other additives which is used to improve your alertness and physical performance.
2. Is energy drink worse that coffee?
The amount of caffeine is more in energy drink than a coffee hence it can affect your health severely.
3. Does energy have side effects?
Yes, energy drink does have side effects as the amount of caffeine and sugar is more it can affect your health.